Response for project 199705600: Klickitat Watershed Enhance

Comment on proposed FY 2006 budget

The budget is consistent with Bonneville's 2005 budget. However, materials costs have increased dramatically in the last 18 months. In particular, fuel has increased by 45%, steel prices (e.g. culverts and rebar) have increased 50+%, and concrete has increased 30+%. At a minimum, a 6% increase is warranted to keep pace with inflation and cost of living. Thus, the FY06 budget should be increased to $421,259.

Accomplishments since the last review

Produce Environmental Compliance DocumentationApplicable permits are specific to individual projects, but have collectively included: WDFW Hydraulics Permit, Clean Water Act 401(c) and 404, Shorelines, Tribal Hydraulics permit, NEPA, SEPA, and related archeological and cultural resources clearances.
Produce Environmental Compliance DocumentationBlanket NEPA documentation has been completed for all KWEP-related data collection activities.
Identify and Select ProjectsProvided content and technical review of Klickitat Lead Entity Strategic Plan which documents geographic priorities and limiting functions of watersheds and reaches within the Klickitat Subbasin.
Identify and Select ProjectsProvided inputs for and technical review of result so Klickitat EDT model which assists in identifying geographic priorities and indexing potential benefits.
Identify and Select ProjectsProvided content for portions of Klickitat Subbasin Plan including Key Findings and geographic priorities
Produce Inventory or AssessmentCompleted channel stability assessment on 13 miles of Swale Creek. Assessment identified priority work sites, conceptual alternatives, and provided rough cost estimates.
Produce Inventory or AssessmentCompleted feasibility study for instream restoration on 1800’ of Tepee Creek. Assessment modeled site hydraulics, identified conceptual alternatives, and provided rough cost estimates.
Produce Inventory or AssessmentCompleted inventory and assessment of large woody debris characteristics and distribution along 29 miles of the lower Klickitat River.
Produce Inventory or AssessmentCompleted inventory and assessment of LWD and summer refugia along 6.4 miles of White Creek.
Produce Inventory or AssessmentCompleted field work and hydraulic analysis for a feasibility assessment of enhancing floodplain connectivity along 12.2 miles of the Klickitat R. Assessment identified priority work sites, conceptual alternatives, and provided rough cost estimates.
Produce Inventory or AssessmentCompleted inventory and assessment of 73 miles of road in the upper White Creek watershed.
Produce Inventory or AssessmentCompleted inventory and assessment of roughly 25 miles of road. Prioritized and developed conceptual prescriptions for roughly 100 miles of road in the upper White Creek watershed.
CoordinationNearly all KWEP project involve cost-sharing and partners, coordination is an important component. Collectively, KWEP has partnered with 12 different entities including state, federal, and tribal agencies as well as coservation districts and non-profits.
CoordinationNot counting volunteer labor, KWEP has coordinated with over 50 private individuals to conduct activities ranging from site assessments to restoration projects.
CoordinationThere is a high-degree of interaction between the KWEP and other BPA-funded projects in the subbasin. Klickitat M&E and Data Management project staff work cooperatively on many projects.
Manage and Administer ProjectsKWEP has been involved in over 30 different projects since the Provincial Review. Roughly 2/3 of these were KWEP-sponsored. KWEP participated as a partner in the remaining projects.
Manage and Administer ProjectsIn addition to individual projects, overall management and administration of KWEP is conducted by project staff.
Provide Technical Reviewconducted technical review of WDFW design for the Snyder Creek (Klickitat Mill) Fish Passage Restoration Project
Provide Technical Reviewconducted technical review of the "Swale Creek Water Temperature Study" by Watershed Professional Network prepared for the Klicktiat Watershed Planning Unit.
Provide Technical Reviewconducted technical review of NRCS design for instream project on the Little Klickitat River
Provide Technical Reviewconducted technical review of WDNR grazing plan for the upper Diamond Fork watershed
Provide Technical Reviewconducted technical review of SRFB grant applications submitted to the Klickitat Lead Entity in 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2004
Provide Technical Reviewconducted technical review and assisted writing Biological Assessment for instream project on the Little Klickitat River
Provide Technical Reviewconducted technical review of Klickitat Energy Overlay EIS
Provide Technical Reviewconducted technical review of USFS' Klickitat Rails-to-Trails Environmental Assessment
Provide Technical ReviewConducted Technical review of 7 chapters (Hydrologic Framework, Water Quantity, Water Quality, Water Use, Land-use Effects, Fish Habitat Quality, and Data Gaps and Recommendations) of the WRIA 30 Watershed Management Plan
Provide Technical Reviewprovided technical review of portions of Klickitat Subbasin Plan
Provide Technical Reviewprovided technical review and content for portions of Klickitat Master Plan
Provide Technical Reviewprovided technical review of Little Klickitat River Watershed Temperature TMDL study
Provide Technical ReviewProvided technical assistance for floodway modeling of the Klickitat River in the vicinity of the mouth of Swale Creek
Provide Technical ReviewProvided technical assistance for flow modeling of the Klickitat River in the vicinity of Lyle Falls
Provide Technical ReviewProvide ongoing technical assistance to the Klickitat Lead Entity as part of the Washington State Salmon Recovery Process
Produce PlanProvided funding assistance for development of a land management plan (including road maintenance and abandonment) for parcels acquired by Columbia Land Trust for conservation acquisition (discussed under “Conduct Pre-Acquisition Activities”).
Produce Planprovided content for portions of Klickitat Subbasin Plan
Produce Planprovided content for portions of Klickitat Master Plan
Produce Planprovided content for portions of Klickitat Lead Entity Strategic Plan
Produce Design and/or SpecificationsCompleted design for the Surveyors Creek Fish Passage Enhancement Projec
Produce Design and/or SpecificationsCompleted design for the Klickitat Meadows Restoration Project
Produce Design and/or SpecificationsCompleted design for the Klickitat River Meadows Restoration Project
Produce Design and/or SpecificationsCompleted design for passage restoration on Logging Camp Creek
Produce Design and/or SpecificationsProvided design and permitting assistance to Klickitat M&E Project for relocation of a rotary screw trap
Produce Design and/or Specificationscompleted preliminary topographic surveys and conceptual design for four partial barriers in the White Creek watershed
Produce Design and/or Specificationscompleted topographic surveys and 70% designs for two passage barriers in the Trout Creek watershed
Produce Design and/or Specificationscompleted profile and cross-sectional surveys and conceptual design for enhancment of an 800' reach of Swale Creek (RM 2). Project funding is coming from a State LIP grant received by the landowner that KWEP staff assisted writing.
Produce Annual ReportFour annual reports were prepared and submitted to BPA.
Produce Status ReportFifteen status reports were prepared and submitted to BPA. RPA report forecasts and reporting were also prepared and submitted to BPA for each year.
# of stream miles treated (0.01 mi.)Completion of large woody debris (LWD) jams at ten different sites totaling 0.4 miles along the upper Klickitat River
# of stream miles treated (0.01 mi.)Completion of 22 in-channel and 2 off-channel restoration and enhancement elements at two different reaches totaling 0.55 miles along the Diamond Fork.
# of stream miles treated before realignment (0.1 mi.)Realigned 0.5 mi of stream channel associated with the Surveyors Creek Fish Passage Enhancement Project resulting in a net gain of 100’ of stream and higher quality pool habitat. Historic culverts were left in-situ to maintain floodplain connectivity.
Develop Alternative Water SourceProvided materials to grazing permittees for spring development and repair off two watering sources along non-fish bearing springs to reduce livestock drifting into Dead Canyon Creek and the Klickitat River.
Develop Alternative Water SourceRepaired 1600’ of line associated with a pressurized off-channel livestock water supply.
# of road miles improved, upgraded, or restoredDecreased approach grade, applied crushed aggregate surface, and constructed grade dips for roughly .23 mi of road associated with approaches to stream crossing at Surveyors Creek
# of miles of fence (0.01 mi.)Completed 0.5 mi of fence restricting access to 3000 feet of the Little Klickitat River
# of riparian miles treated (0.01 mi.; count each bank separately)Collected prepared and planted 3,085 willow cuttings along 0.23 mi of the Klickitat River in the vicinity of Kessler’s Ranch.
# of riparian miles treated (0.01 mi.; count each bank separately)Collected prepared and planted roughly 900 willow cuttings along 0.21 mi of the Diamond Fork in Klickitat Meadows
# of riparian miles treated (0.01 mi.; count each bank separately)Collected prepared and planted 5,447 willow cuttings along 0.63 mi of the Diamond Fork
# of riparian miles treated (0.01 mi.; count each bank separately)Collected prepared and planted a total of 1,582 willow cuttings along roughly 0.15 mi of bank on two reaches totaling 0.49 mi of the Diamond Fork.
# of riparian miles treated (0.01 mi.; count each bank separately)Planted 1960 sedge plugs along 0.13 mi of bank along a 0.28 mi reach of White Creek
# of riparian miles treated (0.01 mi.; count each bank separately)Collected prepared and planted over 3000 dogwood cuttings along portions of the bank and floodplain for roughly 0.08 mi of Surveyors Creek.
# of riparian miles treated (0.01 mi.; count each bank separately)In Cooperation with MCRFEG and volunteers, collected prepared and planted roughly 1000 willow, cottonwood, and dogwood cuttings along portions of the bank and floodplain for roughly 0.09 mi of Snyder Creek
# of riparian miles treated (0.01 mi.; count each bank separately)Collected prepared and planted a total of 550 willow cuttings along roughly 0.03 mi of bank along the Diamond Fork
Does the structure remove or replace a fish passage barrier? (Y/N)Replaced a partial barrier on Surveyors Creek restoring access to 8.7 miles of upstream perennial habitat.
# of miles of habitat accessed (0.1 mi.)Partnered in the Snyder Creek (Klickitat Mill) Fish Passage Restoration Project which replaced two culverts, removed a total-barrier low-head dam, and installed baffles in a 2600’ concrete flume and restored access to 2.5 miles of upstream habitat.
Conduct Pre-Acquisition Activitiespartnered with Columbia Land Trust to successfully receive SRFB funding for acquisition that included 1.0 miles of tributary and 1.25 mile of the mainstem Klickitat River.
Conduct Pre-Acquisition Activitiespartnered with Columbia Land Trust to successfully receive SRFB funding for a conservation acquisition that included 0.5 miles of tributary steelhead habitat. KWEP provided funding for appraisal and grant-writing assistance.
Conduct Pre-Acquisition ActivitiesCurrently partnered with CLT on a SRFB-funded project that will conserve 1.5 miles of primary channel and 2.1 miles of side channel of the mainstem Klickitat. KWEP is conducting a restoration feasibility assessment and partial funding for the appraisal
Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab DataThere are over 80 TFW segments within the basin, roughly half were originally inventoried in the 1990s. In 2004 Klickitat M&E and KWEP began revisited 6 previously inventoried segments and plan to average at least that many for reinventory each year.
Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab DataThere are currently 31 temperature monitoring sites that are monitored year-round with data loggers. KWEP staff took-on data collection, quality control, and management oversight in 2003. Analysis is ongoing.
Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab DataOn average, Klickitat M&E personnel collect spawning gravel samples from 10 sites each year. KWEP staff took-on data collection, quality control, and management oversight in 2003. Analysis is ongoing.
Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab DataThere are currently 13 staff gages where KWEP funds regular or semi-regular streamflow measurements. Crest gages have been built and installed in the last year to capture peak flows.
Manage/Maintain DatabaseA relational databases was created for TFW (Reference Point, Habitat, and Large Woody Debris modules) data. Input forms, queries and reports have been created and checked. Management is ongoing.
Manage/Maintain DatabaseA relational databases was created for temperature data. Queries and reports have been created and checked. Input forms were not necessary because data is imported electronically from data loggers. Management is ongoing.
Manage/Maintain DatabaseA relational databases was created for spawning gravel data. Input forms, queries and reports have been created and checked. Management is ongoing.
Manage/Maintain DatabaseWe are currently in the process of centralizing storage of GIS base layers into an ArcSDE geodatabase to minimize redundancy, ensure Quality Control, and free-up local storage on harddrives.
Is the measuring device portable or fixed (P/F)?Pressure transducers have been installed (fixed) at two locations and are scheduled for installation at nine more in the next twelve months.

KWEP Activities fall into three main catgories: 1) assessment and prioritization: Feedback from the last Provincial Review indicated a need to assess watershed conditions and identify priorities as well as better communication of priorities. Consequently, an emphasis has been place on information collection, management and dispersal. 2) protection, enhancment, and restoration KWEP is the only mechanism of ongoing habitat funding in the Klickitat subbasin. KWEP actions are integrated into a multi-project framework. Nearly all KWEP projects involve cost-sharing and partners. Collectively, KWEP has partnered with 12 different entities including state, federal, and tribal agencies as well as conservation districts, non-profits, and industry. These partnerships have resulted in over $3 million of non-BPA dollars. 3) monitoring: Monitoring had been a substantial component of KWEP activities. Both site-specific and watershed spatial scales are addressed by the monitoring protocols outlined in the tasks below. While the Klickitat M&E project is the principle element for collection of monitoring data collection, KWEP has taken-on oversight of habitat-related data collection (TFW, temperature, and sediment), quality control, and analysis.

FY 2006 goals and anticipated accomplishments

The overall goal of the Klickitat Watershed Enhancement Project (KWEP) is to restore watershed health to aid recovery of salmonid stocks in the Klickitat subbasin. An emphasis is placed on restoration and protection of stream reaches and watersheds supporting native anadromous fish production, particularly steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and spring Chinook (O. tshawytscha). Steelhead in the Klickitat subbasin are ESA-listed as “Threatened” within the Mid-Columbia ESU. KWEP activities occur in three main sub-goals: 1) Assess and prioritize watersheds and reaches for restoration activities. 2) Protect, restore, and enhance priority watersheds and reaches. 3) Monitor site-specific and basin-wide conditions. In FY06 KWEP activities will address numerous metrics including: Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation; Increase Instream Habitat Complexity; Realign, Connect, and/or Create Channel; Improve Road; Install Fence; Plant Vegetation; Maintain Vegetation; Install Fish Passage Structure; Conduct Pre-Acquisition Activities; Identify and Select Projects; Produce Inventory or Assessment; Coordination; Manage and Administer Projects; Provide Technical Review; Produce Design and/or Specifications; Produce Annual Report; Produce Status Report; Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data; Manage/Maintain Database; Disseminate Raw & Summary Data; Analyze/Interpret Data; Install Flow Measuring Device. Metric-specific information is being prepared and will be submitted with the FY06 Work Statement proposal to BPA in August.

Subbasin planning

How is this project consistent with subbasin plans?

This project is consistent with the stated overall Subbasin Goals (section 2.4, p v), Biological Objectives (Section 2.5, p v) and Major Findings and Conclusions(Section 2.6, p v-vii). Depending on the geographical location of specific projects within KWEP, actions address Assessment findings identified in the subbasin plan on a reach by reach basis from pages 150-227. They also address Key Findings found between pages 243 and 273. In Appendix F, KWEP actions are integrated into a multi-project framework whose Goals can be located in Sections 2.2.1 and 2.2.2 primarily(Appendix F pgs 10-12). Specific actions relate to Proposed Actions and Risks identified in Chapters 5 and 6, pages 47-74.

How do goals match subbasin plan priorities?

This project accomplishes work identified in 1) the Management Plan as ‘Primary’ (pages 333-352); and, 2) in the Subbasin Supplement ‘Prioritized Habitat Strategies to Address Key Limiting Factors Identified Geographically’ table as ‘High’ (pages 10-13).

Other comments

KWEP is a Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) funded watershed project implemented by the Yakama Nation Fisheries Program (YNFP) that is the mechanism for addressing Klickitat subbasin habitat issues as part of the YKFP. KWEP is the only ongoing funding mechanism for salmonid habitat restoration in the subbasin and has been integral to securing in-kind matches from the Washington Salmon Recovery Funding Board (SRFB), Mid-Columbia Regional Fisheries Enhancement Group (MCRFEG), and private sources. These other sources have augmented BPA monies with over $3 million of non-BPA money since 2001 and have been used to more effectively distribute funding for habitat enhancement projects in the Klickitat Subbasin. The project addresses 1994 Columbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Program goals of an ecosystem approach to species recovery through protection and improvement to habitat conditions.