839b(h). Fish and wildlife

(Also see this in Council-section numbering [§1 to 12])

839b(h)(1)(A). The Council shall promptly develop and adopt, pursuant to this subsection, a program to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife, including related spawning grounds and habitat, on the Columbia River and its tributaries. Because of the unique history, problems, and opportunities presented by the development and operation of hydroelectric facilities on the Columbia River and its tributaries, the program, to the greatest extent possible, shall be designed to deal with that river and its tributaries as a system. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(1)(A), 94 Stat. 2708.]

839b(h)(1)(B). This subsection shall be applicable solely to fish and wildlife, including related spawning grounds and habitat, located on the Columbia River and its tributaries. Nothing in this subsection shall alter, modify, or affect in any way the laws applicable to rivers or river systems, including electric power facilities related thereto, other than the Columbia River and its tributaries, or affect the rights and obligations of any agency, entity, or person under such laws. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(1)(B), 94 Stat. 2708.]

839b(h)(2). The Council shall request, in writing, promptly after the Council is established under either subsection (a) or (b) of this section and prior to the development or review of the plan, or any major revision thereto, from the Federal and the region's State fish and wildlife agencies and from the region's appropriate Indian tribes, recommendations for--

839b(h)(2)(A). measures which can be expected to be implemented by the Administrator, using authorities under this chapter and other laws, and other Federal agencies to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife, including related spawning grounds and habitat, affected by the development and operation of any hydroelectric project on the Columbia River and its tributaries; [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(2)(A), 94 Stat. 2708.]

839b(h)(2)(B). establishing objectives for the development and operation of such projects on the Columbia River and its tributaries in a manner designed to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife; and [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(2)(B), 94 Stat. 2708.]

839b(h)(2)(C). fish and wildlife management coordination and research and development (including funding) which, among other things, will assist protection, mitigation, and enhancement of anadromous fish at, and between, the region's hydroelectric dams. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(2)(C), 94 Stat. 2708.]

839b(h)(3). Such agencies and tribes shall have 90 days to respond to such request, unless the Council extends the time for making such recommendations. The Federal and the region's water management agencies, and the region's electric power producing agencies, customers, and public may submit recommendations of the type referred to in paragraph (2) of this subsection. All recommendations shall be accompanied by detailed information and data in support of the recommendations. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(3), 94 Stat. 2708.]

839b(h)(4)(A). The Council shall give notice of all recommendations and shall make the recommendations and supporting documents available to the Administrator, to the Federal and the region's, State fish and wildlife agencies, to the appropriate Indian tribes, to Federal agencies responsible for managing, operating, or regulating hydroelectric facilities located on the Columbia River or its tributaries, and to any customer or other electric utility which owns or operates any such facility. Notice shall also be given to the public. Copies of such recommendations and supporting documents shall be made available for review at the offices of the Council and shall be available for reproduction at reasonable cost. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(4)(A), 94 Stat. 2708.]

839b(h)(4)(B). The Council shall provide for public participation and comment regarding the recommendations and supporting documents, including an opportunity for written and oral comments, within such reasonable time as the Council deems appropriate. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(4)(B), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(5). The Council shall develop a program on the basis of such recommendations, supporting documents, and views and information obtained through public comment and participation, and consultation with the agencies, tribes, and customers referred to in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4). The program shall consist of measures to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife affected by the development, operation, and management of such facilities while assuring the Pacific Northwest an adequate, efficient, economical, and reliable power supply. Enhancement measures shall be included in the program to the extent such measures are designed to achieve improved protection and mitigation. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(5), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(6). The Council shall include in the program measures which it determines, on the basis set forth in paragraph (5), will--

839b(h)(6)(A). complement the existing and future activities of the Federal and the region's State fish and wildlife agencies and appropriate Indian tribes; [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(6)(A), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(6)(B). be based on, and supported by, the best available scientific knowledge; [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(6)(B), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(6)(C). utilize, where equally effective alternative means of achieving the same sound biological objective exist, the alternative with the minimum economic cost; [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(6)(C), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(6)(D). be consistent with the legal rights of appropriate Indian tribes in the region; and [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(6)(D), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(6)(E). in the case of anadromous fish--

839b(h)(6)(E)(i). provide for improved survival of such fish at hydroelectric facilities located on the Columbia River system; and [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(6)(E)(i), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(6)(E)(ii). provide flows of sufficient quality and quantity between such facilities to improve production, migration, and survival of such fish as necessary to meet sound biological objectives. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(6)(E)(ii), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(7). The Council shall determine whether each recommendation received is consistent with the purposes of this chapter. In the event such recommendations are inconsistent with each other, the Council, in consultation with appropriate entities, shall resolve such inconsistency in the program giving due weight to the recommendations, expertise, and legal rights and responsibilities of the Federal and the region's State fish and wildlife agencies and appropriate Indian tribes. If the Council does not adopt any recommendation of the fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes as part of the program or any other recommendation, it shall explain in writing, as part of the program, the basis for its finding that the adoption of such recommendation would be--

839b(h)(7)(A). inconsistent with paragraph (5) of this subsection; [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(7)(A), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(7)(B). inconsistent with paragraph (6) of this subsection; or [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(7)(B), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(7)(C). less effective than the adopted recommendations for the protection, mitigation, and enhancement of fish and wildlife. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(7)(C), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(8). The Council shall consider, in developing and adopting a program pursuant to this subsection, the following principles:

839b(h)(8)(A). Enhancement measures may be used, in appropriate circumstances, as a means of achieving offsite protection and mitigation with respect to compensation for losses arising from the development and operation of the hydroelectric facilities of the Columbia River and its tributaries as a system. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(8)(A), 94 Stat. 2709.]

839b(h)(8)(B). Consumers of electric power shall bear the cost of measures designed to deal with adverse impacts caused by the development and operation of electric power facilities and programs only. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(8)(B), 94 Stat. 2710.]

839b(h)(8)(C). To the extent the program provides for coordination of its measures with additional measures (including additional enhancement measures to deal with impacts caused by factors other than the development and operation of electric power facilities and programs), such additional measures are to be implemented in accordance with agreements among the appropriate parties providing for the administration and funding of such additional measures. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(8)(C), 94 Stat. 2710.]

839b(h)(8)(D). Monetary costs and electric power losses resulting from the implementation of the program shall be allocated by the Administrator consistent with individual project impacts and system wide objectives of this subsection. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(8)(D), 94 Stat. 2710.]

839b(h)(9). The Council shall adopt such program or amendments thereto within one year after the time provided for receipt of the recommendations. Such program shall also be included in the plan adopted by the Council under subsection (d) of this section. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(9), 94 Stat. 2710.]

839b(h)(10)(A). The Administrator shall use the Bonneville Power Administration fund and the authorities available to the Administrator under this chapter and other laws administered by the Administrator to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife to the extent affected by the development and operation of any hydroelectric project of the Columbia River and its tributaries in a manner consistent with the plan, if in existence, the program adopted by the Council under this subsection, and the purposes of this chapter. Expenditures of the Administrator pursuant to this paragraph shall be in addition to, not in lieu of, other expenditures authorized or required from other entities under other agreements or provisions of law. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(10)(A), 94 Stat. 2710.]

839b(h)(10)(B). The Administrator may make expenditures from such fund which shall be included in the annual or supplementary budgets submitted to the Congress pursuant to the Federal Columbia River Transmission System Act [16 U.S.C. 838 et seq.]. Any amounts included in such budget for the construction of capital facilities with an estimated life of greater than 15 years and an estimated cost of at least $1,000,000 shall be funded in the same manner and in accordance with the same procedures as major transmission facilities under the Federal Columbia River Transmission System Act. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(10)(B), 94 Stat. 2710.]

839b(h)(10)(C). The amounts expended by the Administrator for each activity pursuant to this subsection shall be allocated as appropriate by the Administrator, in consultation with the Corps of Engineers and the Water and Power Resources Service, among the various hydroelectric projects of the Federal Columbia River Power System. Amounts so allocated shall be allocated to the various project purposes in accordance with existing accounting procedures for the Federal Columbia River Power System. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(10)(C), 94 Stat. 2710.]

839b(h)(10)(D)(i). The Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) shall appoint an Independent Scientific Review Panel (Panel), which shall be comprised of eleven members, to review projects proposed to be funded through that portion of Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) annual fish and wildlife budget that implements the Council's fish and wildlife program. Members shall be appointed from a list of no fewer than 20 scientists submitted by the National Academy of Sciences (Academy), provided that Pacific Northwest scientists with expertise in Columbia River anadromous and non-anadromous fish and wildlife and ocean experts shall be among those represented on the Panel. The Academy shall provide such nominations within 90 days of the date of this enactment, and in any case not later than December 31, 1996. If appointments are required in subsequent years, the Council shall request nominations from the Academy and the Academy shall provide nominations not later than 90 days after the date of this request. If the Academy does not provide nominations within these time requirements, the Council may appoint such members as the Council deems appropriate. [Northwest Power Act, 94 Stat. 2710, as amended by Pub.L. 104-206, § 512(4)(h)(10)(D)(i), September 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3005.]

839b(h)(10)(D)(ii). The Council shall establish Scientific Peer Review Groups (Peer review Groups), which shall be comprised of the appropriate number of scientists, from a list submitted by the Academy to assist the Panel in making its recommendations to the Council for projects to be funded through BPA's annual fish and wildlife budget, provided that the Pacific Northwest scientists with expertise in Columbia River anadromous and non-anadromous fish and wildlife and ocean experts shall be among those represented on the Peer Review Groups. The Academy shall provide such nominations within 90 days of the date of this enactment, and in any case not later than December 31, 1996. If appointments are required in subsequent years, the Council shall request nominations from the Academy and the Academy shall provide nominations not later than 90 days after the date of this request. If the Academy does not provide nominations within these time requirements, the Council may appoint such members as the Council deems appropriate. [Northwest Power Act, 94 Stat. 2710, as amended by Pub.L. 104-206, § 512(4)(h)(10)(D)(ii), September 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3005.]

839b(h)(10)(D)(iii). Panel and Peer Review Group members may be compensated and shall be considered subject to the conflict of interest standards that apply to scientists performing comparable work for the National Academy of Sciences; provided that a Panel or Peer Review Group member with a direct or indirect financial interest in a project, or projects, shall recuse himself or herself from review of, or recommendations associated with, such project or projects. All expenses of the Panel and the Peer Review Groups shall be paid by BPA as provided for under paragraph (vii). Neither the Panel nor the Peer Review Groups shall be deemed advisory committees within the meaning of the Federal Advisory Committee Act. [Northwest Power Act, 94 Stat. 2710, as amended by Pub.L. 104-206, § 512(4)(h)(10)(D)(iii), September 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3005.]

839b(h)(10)(D)(iv). The Peer Review Groups, in conjunction with the Panel, shall review projects proposed to be funded through BPA's annual fish and wildlife budget and make recommendations on matters related to such projects to the Council no later than June 15 of each year. If the recommendations are not received by the Council by this date, the Council may proceed to make final recommendations on funding to BPA, relying on the best information available. The Panel and Peer Review Groups shall review a sufficient number of projects to adequately ensure that the list of prioritized projects recommended is consistent with the Council's program. Project recommendations shall be based on a determination that projects: are based on sound scientific principles; benefit fish and wildlife; and have a clearly defined objective and outcome with provisions for monitoring and evaluation of results. The Panel, with assistance from the Peer Review Groups, shall review, on an annual basis, the results of prior year expenditures based upon these criteria and submit its findings to the Council for review. [Northwest Power Act, 94 Stat. 2710, as amended by Pub.L. 104-206, § 512(4)(h)(10)(D)(iv), September 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3005.]

839b(h)(10)(D)(v). Upon completion of the review of projects to be funded through BPA's annual fish and wildlife budget, the Peer Review Groups shall submit its findings to the Panel. The Panel shall analyze the information submitted by the Peer Review Groups and submit recommendations on project priorities to the Council. The Council shall make the Panel's findings available to the public and subject to public comment. [Northwest Power Act, 94 Stat. 2710, as amended by Pub.L. 104-206, § 512(4)(h)(10)(D)(v), September 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3005.]

839b(h)(10)(D)(vi). The Council shall fully consider the recommendations of the Panel when making its final recommendations of projects to be funded through BPA's annual fish and wildlife budget, and if the Council does not incorporate a recommendation of the Panel, the Council shall explain in writing its reasons for not accepting Panel recommendations. In making its recommendations to BPA, the Council shall consider the impact of ocean conditions on fish and wildlife populations and shall determine whether the projects employ cost-effective measures to achieve program objectives. The Council, after consideration of the recommendations of the Panel and other appropriate entities, shall be responsible for making the final recommendations of projects to be funded through BPA's annual fish and wildlife budget. [Northwest Power Act, 94 Stat. 2710, as amended by Pub.L. 104-206, § 512(4)(h)(10)(D)(vi), September 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3005.]

839b(h)(10)(D)(vii). Cost limitation. The annual cost of this provision shall not exceed $500,000 in 1997 dollars. [Northwest Power Act, 94 Stat. 2710, as amended by Pub.L. 104-206, § 512(4)(h)(10)(D)(vii), September 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3005, and by Pub. L. 106-60, §610, September 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 502.]

839b(h)(11)(A). The Administrator and other Federal agencies responsible for managing, operating, or regulating Federal or non-Federal hydroelectric facilities located on the Columbia River or its tributaries shall —

839b(h)(11)(A)(i). exercise such responsibilities consistent with the purposes of this chapter and other applicable laws, to adequately protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife, including related spawning grounds and habitat, affected by such projects or facilities in a manner that provides equitable treatment for such fish and wildlife with the other purposes for which such system and facilities are managed and operated; [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(11)(A)(i), 94 Stat. 2710.]

839b(h)(11)(A)(ii). exercise such responsibilities, taking into account at each relevant stage of decisionmaking processes to the fullest extent practicable, the program adopted by the Council under this subsection. If, and to the extent that, such other Federal agencies as a result of such consideration impose upon any non-Federal electric power project measures to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife which are not attributable to the development and operation of such project, then the resulting monetary costs and power losses (if any) shall be borne by the Administrator in accordance with this subsection. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(11)(A)(ii), 94 Stat. 2711.]

839b(h)(11)(B). The Administrator and such Federal agencies shall consult with the Secretary of the Interior, the Administrator of the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the State fish and wildlife agencies of the region, appropriate Indian tribes, and affected project operators in carrying out the provisions of this paragraph and shall, to the greatest extent practicable, coordinate their actions. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(11)(A), 94 Stat. 2711.]

839b(h)(12)(A). Beginning on October 1 of the first fiscal year after all members to the Council are appointed initially, the Council shall submit annually a detailed report to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and to the Committees on Energy and Commerce and on Interior and Insular Affairs of the House of Representatives. The report shall describe the actions taken and to be taken by the Council under this chapter, including this subsection, the effectiveness of the fish and wildlife program, and potential revisions or modifications to the program to be included in the plan when adopted. At least ninety days prior to its submission of such report, the Council shall make available to such fish and wildlife agencies, and tribes, the Administrator and the customers a draft of such report. The Council shall establish procedures for timely comments thereon. The Council shall include as an appendix to such report such comments or a summary thereof. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(12)(A), 94 Stat. 2711, H. Res. 549, March 25, 1980.]

839b(h)(12)(B). The Administrator shall keep such committees fully and currently informed of the actions taken and to be taken by the Administrator under this chapter, including this subsection. [Northwest Power Act, §4(h)(12)(B), 94 Stat. 2711.]

comments powered by Disqus