Books | Articles | Government documents | Unpublished works
Allard, D.C., Jr. 1978. Spencer Fullerton Baird and the U.S. Fish Commission. New York: Arno Press.
Allen, John Elliot. 1979. The Magnificent Gateway. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press.
------. and Burns, Marjorie, with Sam C. Sargent. 1986. Cataclysms on the Columbia: A Layman’s Guide to the Features Produced by the Catastrophic Bretz Floods in the Pacific Northwest. Portland, Oregon: .Timber Press.
Allen, John Logan. 1975 Passage Through the Garden: Lewis and Clark and the Image of the American Northwest. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Alt, D., and D.W. Hyndman. 1995. Northwest Exposures: A Geologic Story of the Northwest. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Company.
------ and Donald W. Hyndman. 1984. Roadside Geology of Washington. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Co.
------. Roadside Geology of Oregon. 1978. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Co.
------. Roadside Geology of Idaho. 1989. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Co.
Ambrose, Stephen E. 2000. Nothing Like it in the World, The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad, 1863-1869. New York: Touchstone/Simon & Schuster.
------. 1996. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson and the Opening of the American West. New York: Touchstone/Simon & Schuster.
American Fisheries Society. 1977. Columbia River Salmon and Steelhead. Bethesda, Maryland.
Anderson, Bern. 1960. Surveyor of the Sea: The Life and Voyages of Captain George Vancouver. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Avery, Mary. 1965. Washington: A History of the Evergreen State. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Baillie-Grohman, William A. 1907. Fifteen years sport and life in the hunting grounds of North America and British Columbia.2nd ed. London: Horace-Cox.
Bakeless, John, ed. 1964. The Journals of Lewis and Clark. New York: Mentor, New American Library.
Bancroft, H.H. 1890. History of the Northwest Coast 1543-1800. Two vols. San Francisco: History Company.
------. History of Oregon. 1886. Two vols. San Francisco: History Company.
------. History of Washington, Idaho and Montana. 1890. San Francisco: History Company.
Barman, Jean. 1971. The West Beyond the West: A History of British Columbia. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Barto, Harold E., and Catherine Bullard. 1947. History of the State of Washington. Boston: Heath & Company.
Basque, Garnet. 1990. West Kootenay: The Pioneer Years. Langley, B.C.: Sunfire Publications.
Baun, Carolyn M., and Richard Lewis. 1991. The First Oregonians: An Illustrated Collection of Essays on Traditional Lifeways, Federal-Indian Relations and the State’s Native People Today. Portland: Oregon Council for the Humanities.
Beavert, Virginia. 1974. The Way it Was: Anaku Iwacha — Yakima Indian Legends. Yakima, Washington: Franklin.
Beckham, Stephen Dow. 1977. The Indians of Western Oregon: This Land Was Theirs. Portland, Oregon: Glass-Dahlstrom.
Berton, Pierre. 1972. The Impossible Railway: The Building of the Canadian Pacific. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Biddle, Nicholas (ed.). 1962. The Journals of the Expedition Under the Command of Capts. Lewis and Clark to the Sources of the Missouri, thence Across the Rocky Mountains and down the River Columbia to the Pacific Ocean, Performed during the Years 1804-5-6. By Order of the Government of the United States. Two volumes. New York.
Blumm, Michael C. 2002 Sacrificing the Salmon: A Legal and Policy History of the Decline of Columbia Basin Salmon. BookWorld Publications.
Bolton, Herbert Eugene. 1974. Coronado: Knight of Pueblos and Plains. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Buerge, David, and David Brewster, eds. 1989. Washingtonians, A Biographical Portrait of the State. Seattle: Sasquatch Press.
Bullard, Oral. 1968. Crisis on the Columbia. Portland: Touchstone Press.
Bunting, R. 1997. The Pacific Raincoast: Environment, and Culture in an American Eden 1778-1900. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
Canby, William C. 1981. American Indian Law In a Nutshell. St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Company.
Carey, C. H. 1971. A General History of Oregon. Portland: Binfords and Mort.
Case, Robert. 1940. River of the West; a story of opportunity in the Columbia empire, by Robert Ormond Case; research by William Price Gray. Portland: Northwestern Electric Company; Pacific Power & Light Company.
Catlin, George. 1959. Episodes from Life Among the Indians, and Last Rambles. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Chance, David H. 1986. People of the Falls. Colville, Washington: Kettle Falls Historical Center.
Childerhouse, R.J. and Marj Trim. 1979. Pacific Salmon and Steelhead Trout. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
------, and Alfred T. Richardson. 1905. Life, Letters and Travels of Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, S.J. 1801-1873. F.P. Harper: New York.
------. 1902. The American Fur Trade of the Far West. New York: F.P. Harper.
------. 1935. The American Fur Trade of the Far West. 2 vols. New York.
Chevigny, Hector. 1942. Lord of Alaska: Baranov and the Russian Adventure. New York: Viking.
------. 1965. Russian America: The Great Alaskan Venture 1741-1867. New York: Viking Press, 1965.
Clark, Ella. 1953. Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Cohen, Fay. 1986. Treaties on Trial: The Continuing Controversy Over Northwest Indian Fishing Rights. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Cone, Joseph and Sandra Ridlington. 1996. The Northwest Salmon Crisis, A Documentary History.Corvallis: Oregon State University Press.
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon. 1984. The People of Warm Springs. Warm Springs, Oregon.
Converse, George L. 1989. A military history of the Columbia Valley, 1848-1865. Walla Walla, Wash.: Pioneer Press Books.
Cook, James. 1809. Voyages of Captain James Cook. London: Richard Phillips.
Cook, Warren L. 1973. Flood Tide of Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Crandall, Julie V. 1946. The Story of Pacific Salmon. Portland: Binfords & Mort.
Coues, Elliott, ed. 1893. The History of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Volume 1. 1893.
Cox, Ross. 1831. Adventures on the Columbia River, Including the Narrative of a Residence of Six Years on the Western Side of the Rocky Mountains, among Various Tribes of Indians Hitherto Unknown; Together with a Journey across the American Continent. Two vols. London.
Crutchfield, James A. and G. Pontecorvo. 1969. The Pacific Salmon Fisheries: A Study of Irrational Conservation. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins Press.
Davidson, Gordon Charles. 1918. The North West Company. Berkeley: University of California Publications in History, Vol. III.
Davis, K.G. 1961. Ogden’s Snake Country Journal, 1826-27. Reprint. London.
Davis, H.L. 1935. Honey in the Horn. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Davies, John. 1980. Douglas of the Forests: The North American Journals of David Douglas. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Deloria, Vine Jr., and David E. Wilkins. 1999. Tribes, Treaties & Constitutional Tribulation. Austin: University of Texas Press.
De Smet, Pierre-Jean. 1841. Indian Missions in the United States of America under the care of the Missouri Province of the Society of Jesus. Reprint, Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, 1985.
------. Oregon Missions and Travels Over the Rocky Mountains in 1845-46. 1847. New York: Dunigan. Reprint, Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, 1978.
Devoto, Bernard. 2000. The Year of Decision 1846. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1942. Reprint, New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.
------. 1952. The Course of Empire. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Dietrich, William. 1995. Northwest Passage: The Great Columbia River. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Dodds, Gordon B. 1986. The American Northwest: A History of Oregon and Washington. Arlington Heights, Ill.: Forum Press.
Donaldson, I.J., and F.K. Cramer. 1971. Fishwheels of the Columbia. Portland, Oregon: Binfords and Mort.
Dove, Mourning. 1933. Coyote Stories. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers, Ltd. Reprint. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.
Duncan, Angus, 1998. History, Science, the Law, and Watershed Recovery in the Grande Ronde: A Case Study. Oregon Sea Grant, Corvallis, Oregon.
Ficken, Robert E. 1995. Rufus Woods, the Columbia River and the Building of Modern Washington. Pullman: Washington State University Press.
Franchere, Gabriel 1854. Adventure at Astoria, 1810-1814. Reprint. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1978.
Freeman, Lewis Ransome. 1921. Down the Columbia. New York: Dodd, Mead.
Fuller, George W. 1952. A History of the Pacific Northwest, With Special Emphasis on the Inland Empire. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Gibson, J. R. 1985. Farming the Frontier: The agricultural opening of the Oregon country 1786-1846. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Gough, Barry. 1997. First Across the Continent: Sir Alexander Mackenzie. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
------. 1980. Distant Dominion: Britain and the Northwest Coast of North America, 1579-1809. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
Groot, V., and L. Margolis. 1971. Pacific Salmon Life Histories. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
Guthrie, Woody. Roll On Columbia: The Columbia River Collection. Bill Murlin, ed. Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: Sing Out Publications, 1991.
Hearne, Samuel. Journey from Prince of Wales Fort on Hudson’s Bay to the Northern Ocean. Edited by J.B. Terrell. Toronto: Champlain Society, 1911.
Hedges, James B. 1930. Henry Villard and the Railways of the Northwest. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1930.
Hines, Donald. 1992. Ghost Voices: Yakama Indian Myths, Legends, Humor and Hunting Stories. Issaquah, Washington: Great Eagle.
Hines, Rev. Gustavus. 1859. Life on the Plains of the Pacific. Oregon: It’s History, Condition and Prospects; Containing a Description of the Geography, Climate, and Productions, with Personal Adventures Among the Indians During a Residence of the Author on the Plains Bordering the Pacific While Connected with the Oregon Mission: Embracing Extended Notes of a Voyage Around the World. New York: C.M. Saxton.
------. 1881. Wild Life in Oregon: Being a Recital of Actual Scenes of Daring and Peril Among the Gigantic Forests and Terrific Rapids of the Columbia River (The Mississippi of the Pacific Slope). And Giving Live-Like Pictures of Terrific Encounters with Savages as Fierce And Relentless As its Mighty Tides. Including a Full, Fair and Reliable History of the State of Oregon, Its Crops, Minerals, Timber Lands, Soils, Fisheries; Its Present Greatness, and Future Vast Capabilities, And Paramount Position. New York: Hurst & Company.
Holbrook, Stewart H. 1956. The Columbia. New York: Rinehart & Company.
Howard, Helen Addison, and Dan L. McGrath. 1952. War Chief Joseph. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton, Printers, Ltd.
Howay, Frederic W., ed. 1990. Voyages of the Columbia to the Northwest Coast, 1787-1790 & 1790-1793. Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press, in cooperation with The Massachusetts Historical Society.
Hume, R. D. 1893. Salmon of the Pacific Coast. San Francisco: Schmidt Label and Lithographic Co.
Hunn, Eugene, S. 1990. Nch’i-Wana, The Big River: Mid-Columbia Indians and Their Land. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Hyman, Barry, and R. Charles Peterson. 1998. Electric Power Systems Planning, A Pacific Northwest Perspective. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Irving, Washington. The Adventures of Captain Bonneville, U.S.A., in the Rocky Mountains. Reprint. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961.
______. 1890. Astoria. New York: Putnam, 1890; Portland: Binfords and Mort, 1950.
Jackson, Donald, ed. 1962. Letters of the Lewis and Clark Expedition with Related Documents, 1783-1854. 2 vols. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Johnson, Robert C. 1935. John McLoughlin, Father of Oregon. Reprint. Portland: Binfords & Mort, 1958.
Johansen, Dorothy O., and Charles M. Gates. 1957. Empire of the Columbia. New York: 1957.
Josephy, Alvin. 1965. The Nez Perce Indians and the Opening of the Northwest. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Kane, Paul. Wanderings of an Artist among the Indians of North America from Canada to Vancouver’s Island and Oregon through the Hudson’s Bau Company’s Territory and Back Again, by Paul Kane. Reprint. Toronto: Champlain Society, 1925.
Keyser, James. 1992. Indian Rock Art of the Columbia Plateau. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Kittridge, William. 1987. Owning it all. St. Paul, Minnesota: Graywolf Press.
Lancaster, Samuel C. 1915. The Columbia: America’s Great Highway Through the Cascade Mountains. New York: J.K. Gill.
Lavender, David. 1958. Land of Giants: The Drive to the Pacific Northwest 1750-1950. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company.
------. 1963. Westward Vision, the Story of the Oregon Trail. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Layman, William D. 2002. Native River: The Columbia Remembered. Pullman: Washington State University Press.
Lee, Kai N., and Donna Lee Klemka, with Marion Marts. 1980. Electric Power and the Future of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
------. 1993. Compass and Gyroscope: Integrating Science and Politics for the Environment. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
Ledyard, John. 1783. A Journal of Captain Cook’s Last Voyage. Reprint. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1963.
Lockley, Fred. 1928. History of the Columbia River from The Dalles to the Sea. 2 vols. Chicago: The S.J. Clarke Publishing Company.
Lorraine, Madison Johnson. 1924. The Columbia Unveiled, Being the story of a trip, alone in a rowboat from the source to the mouth of the Columbia River, Together with a full description of the country traversed, and the rapids battled. Los Angeles: The Times-Mirror Press.
Lowitt, Richard. 1984. The New Deal and the West. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Lyman, William Denison. 1918. The Columbia River, Its History, Its Myths, Its Commerce. New York: Putnam.
Lyons, C. 1969. Salmon: Our Heritage. Vancouver, B.C. Mitchell Press.
MacDonald, Ranald. Ranald MacDonald : the narrative of his early life on the Columbia under the Hudson’s Bay Company’s regime, of his experiences in the Pacific whale fishery, and of his great adventure to Japan: With a sketch of his later life on the Western Frontier, 1824-1894. Eds. William S. Lewis and Naojiro Murakami. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1990.
Mackenzie, Alexander. 1801. Voyages from Montreal on the River St. Lawrence, Through the Continent of North America, to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans; In the Years 1789 and 1793. London.
McArthur, Lewis A. 1982. Oregon Geographic Names. 5th Edition. Portland: Western Imprints, The Press of the Oregon Historical Society.
McKechnie, Robert E. 1972. Strong Medicine. Vancouver, B.C.: J.J. Douglas.
McKee, B. 1972. Cascadia: The Geologic Evolution of the Pacific Northwest. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
McKeown, Martha Ferguson. 1948. The Trail Led North: Mont Hawthorne’s Story. New York: The MacMillan Company.
McKervill, H.W. 1967. The Salmon People: The Story of Canada’s West Coast Salmon Industry. Sidney, B.C.: Gray’s Publishing.
McKinley, Charles. 1952. Uncle Sam in the Pacific Northwest: Federal Management of Natural Resources in the Columbia River Valley. Berkeley: University of California Press.
McKinney, Sam. 1987. Reach of Tide, Ring of History. Portland: Oregon Historical Society.
McNeil, William, ed. 1988. Salmon Production, Management and Allocation: Biological, Economic and Policy Issues. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press.
------, and Daniel C. Himsworth, eds. 1980. Salmonid Ecosystems of the North Pacific. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press.
Martin, Irene. 1994. Legacy and Testament: The Story of Columbia River Gillnetters. Pullman: Washington State University Press.
Meinig, D.W. 1968. The Great Columbia Plain: A Historical Geography, 1805-1910. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1968.
Menzies, Archibald. Menzies’ Journal of Vancouver’s Voyage April to October, 1792. Ed. C.F. Newcombe. Victoria, B.C.: W.H. Cullin, 1923.
Merk, Frederick. 1963. Manifest Destiny and Mission in American History: A Reinterpretation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
------, ed. 1968. Fur Trade and Empire: George Simpson’s Journal, Entitled “Remarks connected with the Fur Trade in the Course of a Voyage from York Factory to Fort George and Back to York Factory, 1824-1825, with Related Documents. Rev. ed. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press.
Mighetto, Lisa, and Wesley J. Ebel. 1994. Saving The Salmon: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Efforts to Protect Anadromous Fish on the Columbia and Snake Rivers. Seattle: Historical Research Associates, Inc.
Miller, Gary K. 2001. Energy Northwest, A History of the Washington Public Power Supply System. Richland, Washington: Energy Northwest.
Miller, Christopher. 1985. Prophetic Worlds: Indians and Whites on the Columbia Plateau. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Mills, Randall W. 1947. Sternwheelers Up Columbia: A Century of Steamboating in the Oregon Country. Palo Alto, California: Pacific Books.
Molyneux, Geoffrey. 1992. British Columbia: An Illustrated History. Vancouver, B.C.: Polestar Press, Ltd.
Montgomery, Richard Gill. 1934. White-Headed Eagle. New York: Macmillan Co., 1934.
Morgan, Murray. 1949. The Columbia: Powerhouse of the West. Seattle: Superior Publishing Company.
------. 1954. The Dam. New York: Viking Press.
Mozino, Jose Mariano. 1793. Noticias de Nutka. Trans. 1970. Iris H. Wilson Engstrand. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
National Research Council. 1995. Upstream: Salmon and Society in the Pacific Northwest. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Nelson, Sonja, with the Portland Chapter, American Rhododendron Society. 2001. The Pacific Coast Rhododendron Story: The Hybridizers, Collectors and Gardens. Portland: Binford & Mort Publishing.
Netboy, Anthony. 1958. Salmon of the Pacific Northwest, Fish vs. Dams. Portland: Binfords and Mort.
------. 1974. The Salmon: Their Fight for Survival. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
------. 1980. Salmon: The World’s Most Harassed Fish. Tulsa, Oklahoma: Winchester Press.
------. 1980. The Columbia River Salmon and Steelhead Trout, Their Fight for Survival. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Newell, Dianne. 1989. The Development of the Pacific Salmon-Canning Industry: A Grown Man’s Game. Montreal: McGill University Press.
Newman, Peter C. 1985. Company of Adventurers. New York: Viking.
------. 1987. Caesars of the Wilderness. New York: Viking.
Neuberger, Richard. 1938. Our Promised Land. New York: MacMillan.
Nisbet, Jack. 1994. Sources of the River: Tracking David Thompson Across Western North America. Seattle: Sasquatch Books.
------. 2003. Visible bones : Journeys across time in the Columbia River country. Seattle: Sasquatch Books.
Nokes, J. Richard. 1991. Columbia’s River: The Voyages of Robert Gray, 1787-1793.Tacoma: Washington State Historical Society.
Nuffield, Edward. 1990. The Pacific Northwest: Its Discovery and Early Exploration by Sea, Land and River. Surrey, B.C.: Hancock House.
Nute, Grace Lee. 1943. Caesars of the Wilderness. New York: D. Appleton-Century Co. O’Donnell, Terrence. 1991. An Arrow in the Earth: General Joel Palmer and the Indians of Oregon. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press.
Ormsby, Margaret. 1958. British Columbia: A History. New York: Macmillan.
Palmer, Joel. 1847. Journal of his Travels over the Rocky Mountains. Cincinnati: J.A. and U.P James. Reprint. Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, 1983.
Palmer, Tim. 1991. The Snake River, Window to the West. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
------. 1997. The Columbia: Sustaining a Modern Resource. Seattle: The Mountaineers.
Parish, Phillip H. 1931. Before the Covered Wagon. Portland: Binfords & Mort.
Parrish, Philip H. 1931. Before the Covered Wagon. New York: Metropolitan Press; Portland: Binfords and Mort, 1931.
Pearcy, W.G. 1992. Ocean Ecology and North Pacific Salmonids. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Peterson, F. Ross. 1976. Idaho, a Bicentennial History. New York: Norton.
Pethick, Derek. 1979. First Approaches to the Northwest Coast. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press.
Phillips, James W. 1990. Washington State Place Names. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press.
Pitzer, Paul. 1995. Grand Coulee: Harnessing a Dream. Pullman, Washington: Washington State University Press.
Powell, Fred Wilbur. 1932. Hall J. Kelley on Oregon. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Purchas, Samuel. 1625. Hakluytus Posthumus, or Purchas His Pilgrimes: contayning a History of the World in Sea Voyages and Lande Travells by Englishmen and others. Reprint. Glasgow: J. MacLehose and Sons, 1905-07.
Ramsey, Jarold, ed. 1977. Coyote Was Going There: Indian Literature of the Oregon Country. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Reisner, Marc. 1986. Cadillac Desert, The American West and its Disappearing Water. New York: Viking.
Relander, Click. 1953. Drummers and Dreamers. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers.
Resner, Herbert A. 1937. Power in the State of Washington. Seattle: Works Progress Administration.
Rezanov, Nickolai Petrovich. The Rezanov Voyage to Nueva California in 1806: The Report of Count Nickolai Petrovich Rezanov of His Voyage to That Provincia of Nueva España from New Archangel. Reprint. San Francisco, 1926.
Rice, David G. 1983. Archaeological Investigations at WPPSS Nuclear Plants on the Hanford Reservation, Washington. Richland: Washington Public Power Supply System.
Rich, E.E., ed. Simpson’s 1828 Journey to the Columbia. Reprint. Toronto: Champlain Society for the Hudson’s Bay Record Society, 1947.
Richards, Kent D. 1979. Isaac I. Stevens: Young Man in a Hurry. Provo: Brigham Young University.
Robbins, William G., Robert J. Frank and Richard E. Ross, eds. 1983. Regionalism and the Pacific Northwest. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press.
Robbins, W.G. 1997. Landscapes of Promise: The Oregon Story, 1800-1940. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997.
Rollins, Philip Aston (ed.). 1935. Wilson Price Hunt’s Diary on His Overland Journey Westward to Astoria in 1811-12; The Discovery of the Oregon Trail: Robert Stuart’s Narratives of His Overland Trip Eastward From Astoria in 1812-13. Reprint. New York.
Ronda, James P. 1984. Lewis and Clark among the Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
------. 1990. Astoria and Empire. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Ross, Alexander. 1849. Adventures of the First Settlers on the Oregon or Columbia River, Being a Narrative of the Expedition Fitted Out by John Jacob Astor, to Establish the “Pacific Fur Company;” with an Account of Some Indian Tribes on the Coast of the Pacific. Reprint. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1986.
Ruby, Robert H., and John A. Brown. 1970. The Spokane Indians: Children of the Sun. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
------. 1972. The Cayuse Indians: Imperial Tribesmen of Old Oregon. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1972.
------. 1974. Ferryboats on the Columbia River, Including the Bridges and Dams. Seattle: Superior Publishing Company.
------. 1976. The Chinook Indians, Traders of the Lower Columbia River. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Sanger, S.L. 1989. Hanford and the Bomb. Seattle: Living History Press.
Satterfield, Archie. 1968. Moods of the Columbia. Seattle: Superior Publishing Co.
Scarce, Rik. 2000. Fishy Business: Salmon, Biology and the Social Construction of Nature. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Schwantes, Carlos A. 1989. The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
------. 1993. Railroad Signatures Across the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
------, ed. 1994. Encounters With a Distant Land: Exploration and the Great Northwest. Moscow: University of Idaho Press.
Seufert, Francis, with Thomas Vaughn. 1980. Wheels of Fortune. Portland: Oregon Historical Society.
Shaw, Susan A. and James F. Muir. 1987. Salmon: Economics and marketing. Portland: Timber Press.
Speck, Gordon. 1954. Northwest Explorations. Portland: Binfords & Mort, 1954.
------. 1963. Samuel Hearne and the Northwest Passage. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton.
------. 1979. Myths and New World Explorations. Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press.
Spry, I. M., ed. 1968. The papers of the Palliser Expedition: 1857-1860. Vol. 44. Toronto: Publications of the Champlain Society.
Smith, Courtland. 1979. Salmon Fishers of the Columbia. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press.
Stevens, Isaac Ingalls. 1855. A True Copy of the Record of the Official Proceedings at the Council in the Walla Walla Valley, 1855. Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press.
Stouder, Deanna J., Peter A. Bisson and Robert J. Naiman, eds. 1997. Pacific Salmon and Their Ecosystems: Status and Future Options. New York: Chapman & Hall.
Sundborg, George. 1954. Hail Columbia: The Thirty-Year Struggle for Grand Coulee Dam. New York: Macmillan.
Swan, J. G. 1857. The Northwest Coast or, three years’ residence in Washington Territory. Reprint. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Taylor, Joseph E. III. 1999. Making Salmon: An Environmental History of the Northwest Fisheries Crisis. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Thwaites, Ruben Gold, ed. 1904. Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1804-1806. Reprint. New York: Antiquarian Press, 1959.
Tyrell, J. B., ed. 1916. David Thompson’s Narrative of his Explorations in Western America, 1784-1812. Toronto: The Champlain Society.
------, ed. 1934. Hearne and Turner Journals. Toronto: Champlain Society.
Townsend, John Kirk. 1839. Narrative of a Journey across the Rockies to the Columbia. Reprint. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1978. Also in Early Western Travels, Volume II, Reuben Gold Thwaites, ed., Cleveland, Ohio, 1905.
Ulrich, Roberta. 1999. Empty Nets: Indians, Dams, and the Columbia River. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press.
Vaughn, Thomas. 1971. Paul Kane, The Columbia Wanderer. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press.
Victor, Frances Fuller 1870. The River of the West. Life and Adventure in the Rocky Mountains and Oregon; Embracing Events in the Life of a Mountain Man and Pioneer: With the Early History of the North-Western Slope, Including an Account of the Fur Traders, the Indian Tribes, the Overland Immigration, the Oregon Missions, and the Tragic Fate of Rev. Dr. Whitman and Family. Also, a Description of the Country, its Condition, Prospects, and Resources; its Climate, and Scenery; its Mountains, Rivers, Valleys, Deserts, and Plains; its Inland Waters, and Natural Wonders. With Numerous Engravings. Hartford, Conn.: Columbian Book Company. Newark, N. J.: Bliss & Co. Toledo, Ohio: W. E. Bliss & Co. San Francisco: R. J. Trumbull & Co.
------. 1872. All over Oregon and Washington. Observations on the country, its scenery, soil, climate, resources, and improvements, with an outline of its early history. Also hints to immigrants and travelers concerning routes, the cost of travel, the price of land, etc., by Mrs. Frances Fuller Victor. San Francisco: J.H. Carmany & Co.
------. 1891. Atlantis Arisen; or, Talks of a Tourist About Oregon and Washington. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott.
Vining, Edward P. 1885. An Inglorious Columbus; or, Evidence That Hwui Shan and a Party of Buddhist Monks from Afghanistan Discovered America in the Fifth Century A.D. New York: D. Appleton Co.
Volkman, John M., 1996. A river in common: the Columbia River, the salmon ecosystem, and water quality [free PDF download]. Western Water Policy Review Advisory Commission, Denver, Colorado.
Wagner, H.R. 1929. Spanish Voyages to the Northwest Coast of America in the Sixteenth Century. San Francisco: California Historical Society.
Water Resources Research Institute. 1980. Conflicts Over the Columbia River. Corvallis: Oregon State University.
Weiss, Paul L., and William L. Newman. 1989. The Channeled Scablands of Eastern Washington: The Geographic Story of the Spokane Flood. Cheney: Eastern Washington University Press.
Wendler, Henry. 1966. Regulation of Commercial Fishing Gear and Seasons on the Columbia River from 1859-1963. Olympia, Washington: Washington Department of Fisheries, 1966.
White, Richard. 1995. The Organic Machine: The remaking of the Columbia River. New York: Hill and Wang.
------. 1991. It’s Your Misfortune and None of My Own: A History of the American West. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Whitman, Narcissa. My Journal, 1836. Reprint. Lawrence L. Dodd, ed.. Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, 1982.
Williams, Glynn. 2003. Voyages of Delusion, The Quest for the Northwest Passage. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Willingham, William F. 1983. Army Engineers and the Development of Oregon: A History of the Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Woodcock, George. 1990. British Columbia: A History of the Province. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre.
Worster, Donald. 1977. Nature’s economy: A History of ecological ideas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
------. 1985. Rivers of Empire: Water, Aridity, & the Growth of the American West. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. New York: Pantheon Books.
Articles, Reports, Pamphlets
Abbott, Helen Betsy, ed. Life on the Lower Columbia, 1853-1866. Oregon Historical Quarterly 83, 3: 248-287.
Anderson, James Jay. 1988. Diverting Migrating Fish Past Turbines. Northwest Environmental Journal. Seattle: University of Washington.
Anon. 1918. The First Salmon Cannery. Pacific Fisherman16 (March): 53-54.
Anon. 1919. Salmon Fishing on the Columbia. Pacific Fisherman17(June): 26.
Anderson, J.J. 2000. Decadal climate cycles and declining Columbia River salmon. In Prioritizing Pacific salmon stocks for conservation. E.E. Knudsen, C.R. Steward, D.D. MacDonald, and J.E. Williams, ed. Conservation Biology 11(1): 140-152.
Associated Press. 1983. Prison ordered for Indian fish violators. The Columbian, Vancouver, Washington, June 5.
------. 1984. 10-year anniversary of the Boldt decision. February 25-26.
Baird, Spencer. 1875. Salmon Fisheries of Oregon. Portland: The Oregonian, March 3, 1875.
Bankes, Nigel. 1996. The Columbia Basin and the Columbia River Treaty: Canadian Perspectives in the 1990s. Portland, Oregon: Northwestern School of Law, Lewis and Clark College: Northwest Water Law & Policy Project, Research Publication PO95-4.
Barron, James C., and Gary Thorgaard. 1991. Salmon and the Columbia River System. Pullman: Washington State University Press.
Beamesderfer, Ray and Steve Parker. 2001. Effects of Large-Mesh Gillnet use on Steelhead and Salmon Catch in Columbia River Zone 6 Gillnet Fisheries. Report to Bonneville Power Administration Environment, Fish and Wildlife, Project No. 0004116, Contract No. DE-1998-056-00. Portland, September 28, 2001.
Beamish, R.J. 1999. Shifting regimes in fisheries science and salmon management. International Journal of Salmon Conservation 5 (2) 12-16.
Bell, F. 1937. Guarding the Columbia’s Silver Hoarde. Nature Magazine 29 (1) 43-47.
Bottom, D.L. 1997. To till the water — a history of ideas in fisheries conservation. In Pacific Salmon and Their Ecosystems: Status and Future Options. Eds. D.J Stouder, P.A. Bisson, and R.J. Naiman. New York: Chapman and Hall, Inc. 569-597.
Borden, Charles E. 1979. Peopling and Early Cultures of the Pacific Northwest. Science 203: 963--70.
Boyd, Robert T. 1975. Another Look at the ‘Fever and Ague’ of Western Oregon. Ethnohistory 22: 135-54.
------. 1985. The Introduction of Infectious Diseases among the Indians of the Pacific Northwest, 1774-1874. PhD Thesis, University of Washington.
Byram, Scott, and David G. Lewis. 2001. Origin: Wealth of the Northwest Coast. Oregon Historical Quarterly 102, 2: 126-57.
Carstenson, Vernon. 1971. The Fisherman’s Frontier on the Pacific Coast: The Rise of the Salmon-Canning Industry. In The Frontier Challenge: Responses to the Trans-Mississippi West. Ed. John C. Clark. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
Cavender, T. M., and R. R. Miller. 1972. Smilodonichthys rastrosus: A New Pliocene Salmonid Fish from the Western United States. Eugene: University of Oregon. Bulletin No. 18, Museum of Natural History.
Chamberlain, F. M. 1903. Artificial propagation. Seattle: Pacific Fisherman: 1: 10.
Cochran, John S. 1970. Economic Importance of Early Transcontinental Railroads: Pacific Northwest. Oregon Historical Quarterly 71: 26-98.
Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission. 1981. Indian Treaty Fishing & Water Rights. Portland.
Cody, Robin. 1984. If Salmon Were Truth. Portland: The Oregonian. Northwest: April 29, 1984.
Cook, S.F. 1955. The Epidemic of 1830-1833 in California and Oregon. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 43: 3.
Craig, J. 1935. The Effects of Power and Irrigation Projects on the Migratory Fish of the Columbia River. Northwest Science 401 (1): 19-22.
Cutter, Donald C. 1963. Spanish scientific exploration along the Pacific coast. The American West---an appraisal. Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico Press.
DeLoach, D. B. 1939. The salmon canning industry. Corvallis: Oregon State University. Oregon State Monographs, Economic Studies 1.
Deutsch, Herman J. 1960. The Evolution of the International Boundary in the Inland Empire of the Pacific Northwest. Pacific Northwest Quarterly 51: 115-31.
------. 1973. Pacific Northwest History in Some World Perspectives. Pacific Northwest Quarterly 64: 1-7.
Donan, Peter. 1898. The Columbia River Empire. Portland: Passenger Dept. of the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co.
______. The Columbia River Empire: Some hurried glimpses of a region where all glories of scene, all charms of climate and all riches of resource meet and shake hands. Portland, Oregon: Passenger Dept. of the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co., 1899.
Douglas, David. Journal Kept by David Douglas During His Travels in North America, 1823-1827. Reprint. London: William Wesley & Son, 1914.
Douglas, David. Sketch of a Journey to Northwestern Parts of the Continent of North America During the Years 1824-25-26-27. Oregon Historical Quarterly 5 (1904): 230-271, 325-369; 6(1905): 76-97, 206-227.
Douglas, James. 1835. Transcription of his journey from Fort Vancouver to York Factory and return, March to November 1835. Seattle: University of Washington Manuscripts and Archives Division, vertical file folder 305C (Mss D74j 1835).
Duncan, David James. 1997. How to Hope Like A Coho. Portland: Cascadia Times: February, 7-12.
Ebel, W. J. 1976. Panel 2: Fish passage problems and solutions to major passage problems. In Columbia River Salmon and Steelhead: Proceedings of a symposium. Ed. E. Schwiebert. Washington, D.C.: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication No. 10.
Elliott, T.C. 1950. The Discovery of the Source of the Columbia River. Oregon Historical Quarterly26: 25-38.
------, and the Oregon Historical Society. 1974. Captain Cook’s Approach to Oregon. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press.
Fedje, D. W. and H. Josenhans. 2000. Drowned forests and archaeology on the Continental Shelf of British Columbia, Canada. Geology 28: 99-102.
Francis, Robert. 1993. Climate Change and Salmonid Production in the North Pacific Ocean. In Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Pacific Climate (PACLIM) Workshop. Eds. K. Redmond and V. Tharp. Sacramento: California Department of Water Resources Interagency Ecological Study Program, Technical Report 34.
------, and Stephen. Hare. Decadal-scale Regime Shifts in the Large Marine Ecosystems of the Northwest Pacific: A Case for Historical Science. Fisheries Oceanography 3: (4): 270-291.
Galt, Phyllis. 1968. We Are the Last of the Wanapum. Northwest Magazine, Portland (The Oregonian) March 10, Page 12.
Giorgi, Albert. 1993. Flow Augmentation and Reservoir Drawdown: Strategies for Recovery of Threatened and Endangered Stocks of Salmon in the Snake River Basin. For S.P. Cramer and Associates under contract to the Bonneville Power Administration, March 1993.
------. 2002. Mainstem Passage Strategies In the Columbia River System: Transportation, Spill, and Flow Augmentation. Portland: Northwest Power Planning Council, Document 2002-3.
Gleckman, Howard. 1984. WPPSS: From Dream to Default. The Bond Buyer 1: 53-64.
Gunther, Erna. 1928. A Further Analysis of the First Salmon Ceremony. University of Washington Publications in Anthropology 2: 129-173.
Haines, Francis. 1938. The Northward Spread of Horses among the Plains Indians. American Anthropologist 40 (3): 420-439.
Hannah, Susan. 1990. The Eighteenth Century English Commons: A Model for Ocean Management. Ocean and Shoreline Management14: 155-172.
Hilborn, R.W. 1992. Hatcheries and the future of salmon in the Northwest. Fisheries 17 (1): 5-8.
______, and Stephen Hare. 1992. Hatchery and Wild Fish Production of Anadromous Salmon in the Columbia River Basin. Seattle: University of Washington School of Fisheries.
Huppert, Daniel, David Fluharty and Elizabeth Kenney. 1992. Economic Effects of Management Measures Within the Range of Potential Critical Habitat for Snake River Endangered and Threatened Salmon Species. Seattle: University of Washington School of Marine Affairs, June 1992.
Independent Scientific Group. 1999. Scientific issues in the restoration of salmonid fisheries in the Columbia River. Fisheries 24(3): 10-19.
Johnson, D.R., et al. 1948. The Effects on Salmon Population of the Partial Elimination of Fixed Fishing Gear on the Columbia River in 1935. Portland: Oregon Fish Commission, Contribution No. 11: 10, 28-32.
Jordon, D. S. 1904. The Salmon of the Pacific. Pacific Fisherman2:1.
Lackey, Robert T. Salmon Policy: Science, society, restoration and reality. Renewable Resources Journal17 (2): 6-16.
------. 2003. Pacific Northwest salmon: forecasting their status in 2100. Reviews in Fisheries Science 11 (1): 35-88.
------. 2003. A salmon-centric view of the 21st century in the Western United States. In Proceedings of the conference: World Summit on Salmon, Simon Fraser University, June 10-13, Vancouver, British Columbia [in press].
Lang, William L. 1996. River of change: Salmon, time and crisis on the Columbia River. In The Northwest Salmon Crisis: A Documentary History. Eds. Joe Cone and Sandra Ridlington. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press.
------. 1992. An Eden of Expectations: Oregon Settlers and the Environment They Created. Oregon Humanities, Winter 1992: 25-29.
Lavender, David. 1970. The Hudson’s Bay Company. American Heritage 21: 4-27.
Laythe, L. L. 1948. The fishery development program in the Lower Columbia River. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society: Sept. 13-15. Atlantic City, NJ.
Lang, William L., ed. 1992. A Columbia River Reader. Tacoma: Washington State Historical Society. Center for Columbia River History, Washington State University and Portland State University.
Laythe, Leo. The Fishery Program in the Lower Columbia River. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 78 (48): 50-51.
Levin, P.S., R.W. Zabel and J.G. Williams. 2001. The road to extinction is paved with good intentions: Negative association of fish hatcheries with threatened salmon. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 268: 1153-1158.
McGinnis, M.V. 1995. On the verge of collapse: The Columbia River system, wild salmon and the Northwest Power Planning Council. Natural Resources Journal 35(1): 63-92.
Magnusson, D. Edward. 1928. Hydro-Electric power in Washington. Tacoma: The Washington Historical Quarterly 19:90-98.
Maitland, J. R. G. 1884. The culture of salmonidae and acclimatization of fish. In The Fisheries Exhibition Literature. London: International Fisheries Exhibition, William Clowes and Sons, Limited.
Mandryk, C. A. S., Heinar Josenhans, Rolf W. Mathewes, and Daryl W. Fedje. 2001. Late Quaternary Paleoenvironments in Northwestern North America: Implications for Inland vs. Coastal Migration Routes. Quartenary Science Reviews 20: 301-314.
Mantua, Nathan J.; Steven R. Hare, Uuan Zhang, John M. Wallace, and Robert C. Francis. 1998. A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78: 1069-1079.
Martin, J., J. Weber and G. Edwards. 1992. Hatchery and Wild Stocks: Are They Compatible? Fisheries 17(1): 4-8.
Meffe, G.K. 1992. Techno-arrogance and halfway technologies: salmon hatcheries on the Pacific coast of North America. Conservation Biology 6(3): 350-354.
Michael, J.H. 1999. The Future of Washington salmon: Extinction is not an option but may be the preferred alternative. Northwest Science 73 (3) 235-239.
Miller, R.R. and R.G. Miller. 1948. The Contribution of the Columbia River System to the Fish Fauna of Nevada: Five Species Unrecorded from the State. Copeia 3: 174-187.
Mooney, James. 1892-1893 The Ghost-Dance Religion. In Fourteenth Annual Report, Part II. BAE.
Morton, A.S. 1936. The Columbia Enterprise and David Thompson. Canadian Historical Review 17 : 266-288.
Mote, Philip W., Edward A. Parson, Alan F. Hamlet, William S. Keeton, Dennis Lettenmaier, Nathan Mantua, Edward L. Miles, David W. Peterson, Richard Slaughter and Amy K. Snover. 2003. Preparing for Climate Change: The Water, Salmon and Forests of the Pacific Northwest. Climate Change 61: 45-88.
Mumford, Lewis. 1939. Regional Planning in the Pacific Northwest, A Memorandum. Portland: Northwest Regional Foundation.
Nehlsen, Willa, Jack E. Williams and James A. Lichatowich. 1991. Pacific Salmon at the Crossroads: Stocks at Risk from California, Oregon, Idaho and Washington. Fisheries16 (2): 4-21.
Neuberger, Richard. 1941. The Great Salmon Mystery. The Saturday Evening Post, September 13, 1941.
------. 1945. The Great Salmon Experiment. Harper’s Magazine 190, 1137: 229-236.
Nicholson, T. 1986. Influences of Upwelling, Ocean Temperature and Smolt Abundance on Marine Survival of Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in the Oregon Production Area. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43 (3): 527-535.
North Dakota Historical Quarterly. 1941. Incidents in the Life of a Pioneer. Vol. 8, No. 3 (April): 187-188.
Northwestern School of Law, Lewis and Clark College. 1986. Portland. Symposium on Salmon Law. Environmental Law16: 3 (Spring.
Pacific American Fisheries, Inc. 1935. A Review of the Salmon Industry with Particular Reference to Pacific American Fisheries, Inc. Seattle.
Pacific Coast Fisheries. 1903. Commissioner Kershaw hopeful. Pacific Coast Fisheries 1:1 5.
Pacific Fisherman. 1903. Runs of chinook salmon in the Columbia. Pacific Fisherman 1:3.
------. Salmon-marking experiments on the Pacific coast. Pacific Fisherman 2: 6.
Scientific Review Panel, Plan for Analyzing and Testing Hypotheses. 1998. Conclusions and recommendations for the PATH Weight Of Evidence Workshop. Vancouver, B.C.: ESSA Technologies.
Pearcy, William G., ed. 1984. The Influence of Ocean Conditions on the Production of Salmonids in the North Pacific: A Workshop, Nov. 8-10, Newport, Oregon. Corvallis: Oregon State University.
Petit, Charles W. 1998. Rediscovering America: The New World may be 20,000 years older than experts thought. U.S. News and World Report 125 (14): 56-64 (October 12).
Powell, Fred Wilbur. 1917. Hall Jackson Kelley---Prophet of Oregon. Oregon Historical Quarterly 18:1 (March 1917): 1-54; 18:2 (June 1917): 93-139; 18:3 (September 1917): 167-223.
Power, M.E., W.E. Dietrich and J.C. Finlay. 1996. Dams and downstream aquatic biodiversity: potential food web consequences of hydrologic and geomorphic change. Environmental Management 20 (6): 887-895.
Rich, W.H. 1935. The Biology of Columbia River Salmon. Northwest Science 40 (1): 3-14.
------.1940. Future of the Columbia River Salmon Fisheries. Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin 2(2): 37-47.
Scarneccia, D.L. 1988. Salmon management and the search for values. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45: 2042-2050.
Schalk, R.F. 1986. Estimating salmon and steelhead usage in the Columbia River before 1850: an anthropological perspective. Northwest Environmental Journal2(2): 1-29.
Schroeder, John H. 1969. Rep. John Floyd, 1817-1829: Harbinger of Oregon Territory. Oregon Historical Quarterly 70: 333-46.
Schwiebert, E., ed. 1976. Columbia River Salmon and Steelhead. Proceedings of a symposium, March 5-6, 1976, Vancouver, Washington. American Fisheries Society: Special Publication No. 10.
Sharbach, Jack. 1995. Astoria, the Working Town. Oregon Coast January/February, Page 39.
Stearley, R. F. 1992. Historical Ecology of Salmonidae, with Special Reference to Oncorhynchus. In Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes. R.L. Mayden, ed. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. 622-658.
Stone, Livingstone. 1884. The artificial propagation of salmon in the Columbia River basin. In Transactions of the American Fish-Cultural Association, 13th Annual Meeting, May 13-14, 1884, New York, New York.
Taylor, Joseph E. III. El Nino and Vanishing Salmon: Culture, Nature, History, and the Politics of Blame. Western Historical Quarterly: 29.
Thomas, J.W. 2000. Watching the Columbia River salmon dwindle toward extinction---elephants in the room. Northwest Science74(3): 248-253.
Tri-City Herald. 1992.The River Swelled With Salmon. Kennewick, WA., December 20.
------. 1992. We Put That River to Our Use, But Nature Pays a Price for Northwest’s Cheap Power. Kennewick, WA: December 20.
Tyrell, J.B. 1937. David Thompson and the Columbia River. Canadian Historical Review 18: 13-18.
University of British Columbia. 1991. A Special Issue in Celebration of Our Survival: The First Nations of British Columbia. Vancouver, B.C.: University of British Columbia, B.C. Studies 89: entire issue.
USA Today. 1991. Yakima Indian activist, 66, dies. May 8.
Volkman, J.M. and W.E. McConnaha. 1993. Through a glass darkly: Columbia River salmon, the Endangered Species Act and adaptive management. Environmental Law 23: 1249-1272.
Wenatchee World. 1983. Grand Coulee Dam, The First 50 Years. Wenatchee, Washington: July 8.
Wilkinson, Charles, and Daniel Conner. 1983. The Law of the Pacific Salmon Fishery: Conservation and Allocation of Transboundary Common Property Resource. University of Kansas Law Review 32 (1): Fall 1983.
Wissman, R. C., and J. E. Smith, B. A. McIntosh, H. W. Li, G. H. Reeves and J. R. Sedell. 1994. A history of resources use and disturbance in riverine basins of eastern Oregon and Washington (early 1800s-1990s). Northwest Science68:1-35.
Wollenburg. 1938-1939. The Columbia River Fish Compact. Oregon Law Review 18: 88.
Wood, E. M. 1953. A century of fish culture, 1853-1953. The Progressive Fish Culturist15(4): 147-160.
Bessey, Roy F. 1964. Pacific Northwest Regional Planning---A Review. Bulletin No. 6, Washington Division of Power Resources, Olympia.
Bonneville Power Administration. 1993. Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Projections and Historic Wholesale Power Rates 1939-1992. United Stats Department of Energy: Portland, Oregon.
------, United States Army Corps of Engineers, and United States Bureau of Reclamation. 1994 (draft), 1996 (final). Columbia River System Operation Review Environmental Impact Statement. Publication No. DOE/EIS-0170. Portland, Oregon: United States Department of Energy.
------. 1998. Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study. Portland: United States Department of Energy.
------. 2003. Fiscal Year 2003 Annual Report. Document DOE/BP-3555. United Stats Department of Energy: Portland, Oregon.
Chaney, Ed and L. Edward Perry. 1976. Columbia Basin Salmon and Steelhead Analysis; Summary Report, Sept. 1, 1976. Vancouver, Washington: Pacific Northwest Regional Commission.
Chapman, Don. 2001. History of the Hells Canyon Complex. Technical Report Appendix E.3.1-2, Chapter 2, Hells Canyon Complex, Project No. 1971 (relicensing). Washington, D.C.: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.
Cobb, J. N. 1930. Pacific Salmon Fisheries. Document No. 1092, United States Bureau of Fisheries, Washington, D.C.
Craig, Joseph A. and Robert L. Hacker. 1940. The History and Development of the Fisheries of the Columbia River. Bulletin No. 32, United States Bureau of Fisheries, Washington, D.C.
Doty, James. 1855. Journal of Operations of Governor Isaac Ingalls Stevens of Washington Territory in 1855. Reprint. Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, 1978.
------. A True Copy of the Record of the Official Proceedings at the Council in the Walla Walla Valley, Held Jointly by Isaac I. Stevens and Joel Palmer on the Part of the United States with the Tribes of Indians Named in the Treaties Made at That Council, June 9 and 11, 1855. Reprint. Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, 1985.
Gardner, W. W. 1947. Memo to Secretary of the Interior from W. W. Gardner, Columbia River dams and salmon. March 6, 1947, Record Group 48, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Federal Caucus (USACOE, BPA, BIA, BLM, BOR, EPA, USFWS, USFS, NOAA Fisheries). 2000. Conservation of Columbia Basin Fish, Draft Basin-wide Salmon Recovery Strategy, Update of the All-H Paper. Retrieved in 2004 from www.salmonrecovery.com.
Fish, F. F., and M. G. Hanavan, 1948. A report upon the Grand Coulee fish-maintenance project 1939-1947. Special Scientific Report No. 55, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C.
Goode, George B. 1884. The status of the U.S., Fish Commission in 1884. In Part XLI of Part XII, Report of the Commission, U.S. Commission on Fish and Fisheries, Washington, D.C.
Independent Scientific Group. 2000. Return to the River 2000, Restoration of Salmonid Fishes in the Columbia River Ecosystem: An Alternative Conceptual Foundation for the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power Planning Council.
Independent Scientific Review Board of the Northwest Power Planning Council. 1998. Recommendation for Stable Flows in the Hanford Reach During the Time When Juvenile Fall Chinook are Present Each Spring. Portland: Northwest Power Planning Council. ISAB Document 98-5, Letter/Memorandum, August 3, 1998.
Independent Scientific Review Panel of the Northwest Power Planning Council. 1999. Review of the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program for Fiscal Year 2000 as Directed by the 1996 Amendment of the Northwest Power Act, Report of the Independent Scientific Review Panel for the Northwest Power Planning Council, Volume I. Portland: Northwest Power Planning Council. Documents 99-2 and 99-2A (Volume II), both June 15, 1999.
International Joint Commission. 1948. Second Progress Report to the Federal Inter-Agency River Basin Committee: Measurement Aspects of Benefit-Cost Practices. Issued by the United States Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, and the International Joint Commission, Washington, D.C.
Johnson, D. R., et. al. 1948. The Effects on Salmon Population and the Partial Elimination of Fixed Gear on the Columbia River in 1935. Oregon Fish Commission, Portland.
Johnson, S. L. 1984. Freshwater environmental problems and coho reproduction in Oregon. Information Report 84-11, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Corvallis.
Jones, W. A. 1887. Salmon Fisheries of the Columbia.: U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
Jones, Fred O., Daniel R. Embody, and Warren L. Peterson. 1961. Landslides along the Columbia River Valley, northeastern Washington, with a section on seismic surveys by Robert M. Hazlewood. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Jordan, D. S., and C. H. Gilbert. 1887. The Salmon Fishing and Canning Interests of the Pacific Coast. Part 13 in The Fisheries and Fishing Industries of the United States, G. B. Goode editor, Vol. 1, Section 5 of Histories and Methods of Fisheries, U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Washington, D.C.
Josenhans, Heinar. 1998. Bathymetric and marine geological surveys in support of National Marine Protected area of Gwaii Haanas---results of Cruise Gwaii-97. Open File 3585, Geological Survey of Canada.
Larkin, Peter. 1980. Pacific Salmon: Scenarios for the Future. Washington Sea Grant, Seattle.
Lichatowich, James A., and Lars Mobrand. 1995. Analysis of chinook salmon in the Columbia River from an ecosystem perspective. Report No. DOE/BP-25105, United States Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration.
------, Lars E. Mobrand, Ronald J. Costello and Thomas S. Fogel. 1996. A History of Frameworks Used in the Management of Columbia River Chinook Salmon. Contract No. DE-AM79-92BP25105, United States Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Oregon.
McDonald, M. 1895. The Salmon Fisheries of the Columbia Basin. Bulletin of the U.S. Fish Commission 14: 153-167.
Maxfield, G. H. 1965. Pacific Salmon Literature Compilation---1900-59. Instructions and Index. Seattle: Bureau of Commercial Fisheries.
McDonald, M. 1894. Address of the chairman of the general commission on the World’s Fisheries Congress. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 13: 15-16.
------. Report of the Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries on Investigations in the Columbia River Basin in Regard to the Salmon Fisheries. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office.
------. The salmon fisheries of the Columbia River Basin. 1895. In Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 14: 153-168.
Meares, John. 1790. Voyages Made in the Years 1788 and 1789, from China to the NorthWest Coast of America. Reprint. Amsterdam: N. Israel; New York: Da Capo Press, 1967.
Mooney, James. 1896. The Ghost-Dance Religion. Bureau of American Ethnology, 14th Annual Report. Washington, D.C.
Mullan, John. 1859. Senate Executive Document 32. Topographic memoir of Colonel Wright’s campaign. Washington, D.C.: 35th Congress, Second Session.
Mullan, J. W. 1987. Status and propagation of chinook salmon in the mid-Columbia River through 1985. Biological Report 87 (3), United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Leavenworth, WA.
National Marine Fisheries Service. 1970. Spawning areas and abundance of steelhead trout and coho, sockeye and chum salmon in the Columbia River Basin -- past and present. Special Scientific Report: Fisheries No. 618, Washington, D.C.
National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries). 1995. 1995 Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion: Reinitiation of Consultation on 1994-1998 Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System and Juvenile Transportation Program in 1995 and Future Years. Northwest Region, Hydro Program, Portland, March 2, 1995.
------. 1999. An Assessment of Lower Snake River Hydrosystem Alternatives on Survival and Recovery of Snake River Salmonids. Seattle: Northwest Fisheries Science Center, April 14, 1999.
______. 2000. A Standardized Quantitative Analysis of Risks Faced by Salmonids in the Columbia River Basin. Draft report, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Cumulative Risk Initiative, Seattle, July 17, 2000.
______. 2000. 2000 Biological Opinion: Reinitiation of Consultation on Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System, Including the Juvenile Fish Transportation Program, and 19 Bureau of Reclamation Projects in the Columbia Basin. Northwest Regional Office, Seattle, December 21, 2000.
______. 2000. White Paper: Summary of Research Related to Transportation of Juvenile Anadromous Salmonids Around Snake and Columbia River Dams. Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, April 2000.
______ and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2001. Citizen Update: Conservation of Columbia Basin Fish. Issue 7, Summer 2001, retrieved from ww.salmonrecovery.gov.
______. 2003. Effects of the Federal Columbia River Power System on Salmon Populations. John G. Williams, Steven G. Smith, William D. Muir, Benjamin P. Sandford, Stephen Achord, Reagan McNatt, Douglas M. Marsh, Richard W. Zabel, and March D. Scheuerell. Preliminary Draft, December 21, 2003, Fish Ecology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Seattle.
Northwest Power and Conservation Council (name changed from Northwest Power Planning Council in 2003). 1987. Appendix D of the 1987 Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, Compilation of Information on Salmon and Steelhead Losses in the Columbia River Basin. Portland, Oregon.
------. 1991. Amendments to the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Phase One). Council Document 91-27, Portland, Oregon.
------. 1991. Amendments to the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Phase Two). Council Document 91-31, Portland, Oregon.
------. 1992. Amendments to the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, Phase Three, The Strategy for Salmon. Council Document 92-21, Portland, Oregon.
------, ed. 1996. Comprehensive Review of the Northwest Energy System. Document 96-CR26, Portland, Oregon.
------, Scientific Review Team of the Independent Scientific Advisory Board, Program and Evaluation and Analysis Section 1998. Review of Artificial Production of Anadromous and Resident Fish in the Columbia River Basin, Part I: A Scientific Basis for Columbia River Production Programs. Document 98-33, Portland, Oregon.
------. 2000. 2000 Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Document 2000-19. Portland, Oregon.
------. 2000. Human Effects Analysis of the Multi-Species Framework Alternatives. Document 2000-5, Portland, Oregon.
------. 2000. Fish and Wildlife Program/Framework Concept: Strawman. Document 2000-2, Portland, Oregon.
------. 2000. Northwest Power Supply Adequacy/Reliability Study Phase 1 Report. Document 2000-4, Portland, Oregon.
------. 2000. Study of Western Power Market Prices, Summer 2000, Final Report. Document 2000-18, Portland, Oregon.
------. 2002. Forecasting Electricity Demand of the Region’s Aluminum Plants. Document 2002-20, Portland, Oregon.
Norwood, Gus. 1981. Columbia River Power for the People, A History of the Policies of the Bonneville Power Administration. United States Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.
Oregon Board of Fish Commissioners. 1888. First report of the State Board of Fish Commissioners to the Governor of Oregon. Salem, Oregon.
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and Washington Department of Fisheries (later Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife). 1991, 1993, 1998, 2002. Columbia River Fish Runs and Fisheries, 1960-19XX. Olympia, Washington, and Salem, Oregon.
------. 1901. Annual reports of the Department of Fisheries of the State of Oregon to the Legislative Assembly, Twenty-first Regular Session. Salem, Oregon.
------. 1904. Annual reports of the Department of Fisheries of the State of Oregon to the Legislative Assembly, Twenty-third Regular Session (for 1903). Salem, Oregon.
------. 1909. Annual reports of the Department of Fisheries of the State of Oregon to the Legislative Assembly, Twenty-fifth Regular Session (for 1908). Salem, Oregon.
Oregon Fish and Game Commission. 1919. Biennial report of the Fish and Game Commission of the State of Oregon to the Governor and the thirtieth legislative assembly. Salem, Oregon.
------. 1931. Biennial report of the Fish Commission of the State of Oregon to the Governor and the Thirty-Sixth Legislative Assembly. Salem, Oregon.
Oregon State Fish and Game Protector. 1895-1896, Third and fourth annual reports of the State Fish and Game Protector. Salem, Oregon.
Pacific Fishery Management Council. 1979. Freshwater habitat salmon produced and escapement for natural spawning along the Pacific Coast of the United States. Anadromous Salmonid Environmental Task Force. Portland, Oregon.
------. 1983. Function and Form. Portland, Oregon.
Park, Donn L., et al. 1978. Evaluation of Fish Protective Facilities at Little Goose and Lower Granite Dams and Review of Mass Transportation Activities, 1977. National Marine Fisheries Service, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Northwest and Alaska Fisheries Center Division, Coastal Zone and Estuarine Studies, National Marine Fisheries Service. Seattle, Washington.
Peterson, Keith, and Mary Reed. 1994. Controversy, Conflict and Compromise: A History of the Lower Snake River Development. Walla Walla, Washington: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District.
Rich, W.H., and H.B. Holmes. 1929. Experiments in marking young chinook salmon on the Columbia River, 1916 to 1927. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries, Document No. 1047.
Rich, W.H. 1941. The present state of the Columbia River salmon resources. Contribution No. 3 425-430. Department of Research, Fish Commission of the State of Oregon. Salem, Oregon.
------. 1942. The Salmon Runs of the Columbia River in 1938. Fishery Bulletin No. 37. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
------. 1948. A survey of the Columbia River and its tributaries with special reference to the management of its fishery resources. Special Scientific Report, No. 51. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Washington, D.C.
Roosevelt, Theodore. 1908. Eighth Annual Message, 1908. In The State of the Union Messages of the Presidents, 1790-1966, Volume III. F. Israel, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1967.
Silliman, R. P. 1948. Estimation of the troll catch of Columbia River chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tschawytscha. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Special Scientific Report No. 50, Washington, D.C.
Smith, E.V. 1920. The taking of immature salmon in the waters of the State of Washington. Washington Department of Fisheries, Olympia.
Smith, Courtland. 1974. Oregon Fish Fights University Sea Grant publication No. ORESU-T-74-004. Oregon State University, Corvallis.
Smith, E.V. 1919. Fish culture methods in the hatcheries of the state of Washington. Washington State Fish Commissioner, Olympia, Washington.
Southwest Washington Regional Transportation Council. 2003. S-R 35 Bridge Feasibility Study: Navigation Baseline Report. PB Ports & Marine, Portland, Oregon.
Springer, Vera. 1976. Power and the Pacific Northwest – A History of the Bonneville Power Administration. Portland: Bonneville Power Administration.
Stone, L. 1879 Report of Operations at the salmon-hatching station on the Clackamas River, Oregon, in 1877. Part 11 in Part 5, Report of the Commissioner for 1877. U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Washington, D.C.
Stone, L. 1884. The Artificial Propagation of Salmon in the Columbia River Basin. In Transactions of the American Fish-Culture Association, 13th Annual Meeting, May 13-14, 1884, Washington D.C., New York.
Stern, Theodore. 1993. Chiefs & chief traders: Indian relations at Fort Nez Perces, 1818-1855. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press.
Stradling, Dale F. 1980. The Columbia River – An Inexhaustible Resource? Cheney: Eastern Washington University.
Strong, Emory. 1959. Stone Age on the Columbia. Portland, Oregon: Binfords and Mort.
Symons, Lieut. Thomas W. 1882. Report of an examination of the upper Columbia river and the territory in its vicinity in September and October, 1881, to determine its navigability, and adaptability to steamboat transportation. Made by direction of the commanding general of the Department of the Columbia. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
------. 1882. Report on the Upper Columbia River & Great Plains of the Columbia, 1882. 47th Congress, First Session, Executive Document No. 186. Reprint. Fairfield, Washington: Ye Galleon Press, 1967.
Swindell, Edward G. 1942. Report on the Source, Nature, and Extent of Certain Indian Tribes in Washington and Oregon Together with Affidavits of Usual and Accustomed Fishing Grounds and Stations. United States Department of the Interior, Office of Indian Affairs, Division of Forestry and Grazing, Los Angeles, California.
Thurman, M.E. 1967. The Naval Department of San Blas. Glendale, Calif.: A.H. Clark Co.
Tollefson, Gene. 1987. BPA and the Struggle for Power at Cost. Publication DOE/BP-728, June 1987, 62C. United States Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Oregon.
United States Army Corps of Engineers. 1994. Columbia River Salmon Mitigation Analysis System Configuration Study, Phase I, Main Report. Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, Washington..
------. Lower Snake River Fish and Wildlife Compensation Plan. Special Report. Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, Washington.
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. 1993. Petition for Review of Actions of the Northwest Power Planning Council, Brief of the Northwest Power Planning Council, Respondent. Nos. 92-70190, 93-70064. Dec. 10, 1993. San Francisco, California.
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service and United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management. 1997. Upper Columbia River Basin Draft Environmental Impact Statement. Volumes 1 and 2. Boise, Idaho.
United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service. 1998. Draft General Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement for Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area. Washington, D.C.
United States Department of the Interior. 1976. Power and the Pacific Northwest, a history of the Bonneville Power Administration. Washington, D.C.
United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 1948. Review Report on Columbia River and Tributaries; Appendix P: Fish and Wildlife. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, North Pacific Division. Portland, Oregon.
------. 1949. A Survey of the Columbia River and its Tributaries With Special Reference to the Management of its Fishery Resources. Special Scientific Report No. 62, Part 2. Washington streams from the mouth of the Columbia River to and including the Klickitat River (Area 1). Washington, D.C. 1949.
------. 1951. A program for the preservation of the fisheries of the Columbia River basin. Record Group 48, National Archives, Washington, DC.
------. 2000. 2000 Biological Opinion on the Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System for Kootenai River White Sturgeon and Bull Trout. Portland, Oregon.
United States General Accounting Office. 1992. Endangered Species: Past Actions Taken to Assist Columbia River Salmon. GAO/RCED-92-173BR. Washington, D.C., 1992.
United States Geological Survey. 2002. Water Resources Data, Washington Water Year 2001. Water Data Report WA-01-1. Washington Water Science Center, Tacoma, Washington.
United States House of Representatives. 1994. BPA at a Crossroads. Committee on Natural Resources: BPA Task Force, Washington, D.C.
United States Senate. 1887. The Salmon Fisheries of the Columbia River. Senate Executive Document 123, 50th Congress, First Session.
Upper Columbia United Tribes. 1985. Compilation of Information on Salmon and Steelhead Total Run Size, Catch and Hydropower Related Losses in the Upper Columbia Basin, Above Grand Coulee Dam. Technical Report No. 2. Cheney, Washington.
Washington Department of Fisheries, Washington Department of Game, and United States Bureau of Fisheries. 1938. Report of the preliminary investigations into the possible methods of preserving the Columbia River salmon and steelhead at the Grand Coulee Dam. Olympia, Wash.: Dept. of Fisheries, State of Washington
Washington Department of Fisheries and Game. 1921. Thirtieth and Thirty-first reports of the State Fish Commissioner to the Governor of the State of Washington. Olympia.
Washington Department of Fisheries. 1982. Washington State Sport Salmon Catch Report. Olympia.
Washington Department of Transportation. 1998. Bi-State Bridge Inventory for Columbia River Crossings. Vancouver.
Washington State University Cooperative Extension. 1984. The Columbia Gorge, A Unique American Treasure. Pullman.
Wendler, H.O. 1966. Regulation of Commercial Fishing Gear and Seasons on the Columbia River from 1859-1963. Fisheries Research Papers 2(4): 19-31. Olympia: Washington Department of Fisheries.
Dick, Wesley Arden. 1973. Visions of Abundance – The Public Power Crusade in the Pacific Northwest in the Era of J.D. Ross and the New Deal. PhD Thesis, University of Washington.
Haswell, Robert. A voyage on Discoveries in the Ship Columbia Rediviva. Copy of Manuscript AA 20.5 C 72 Ha, Archives of British Columbia, Victoria.
Hayden, M.V. 1930. History of the Salmon Industry of Oregon.” MA Thesis, University of Oregon.
Hutchinson, Samuel J. 1951. Internal memorandum concerning conversation with Herb Lundy, a reporter for The Oregonian newspaper of Portland, January 16, 1951. Seattle: Archives of the National Marine Fisheries Service, photocopy.
Leibhardt, Barbara G. 1990. Law, Environment, and Social Change in the Columbia River Basin: The Yakima Indian Nation As A Case Study, 1840-1933. PhD. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
Ogden, Daniel M., Jr. 1997. Governance of the Columbia River. Unpublished manuscript. Vancouver, Washington. December 11, 1997, photocopy.
Pitzer, Paul. 1990 and 1992. Grand Coulee---The Struggle, Grand Coulee---The Dam, Visions, Plans and Realities: A History of the Columbia Basin Project. PhD Thesis, University of Oregon.
Spellman, Gov. John. 1984. Press conference transcript. Olympia, Washington, June 1, 1984, photocopy.
Stoutemyer, B.E. 1931. Letter from B.E. Stoutemyer to Henry O’Malley, Commissioner of Fisheries, January 28, 1931. Record Group 22, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Taylor, Joseph E. 1992. Steelhead’s Mother Was His Father, Salmon: Development and Declension of Aboriginal Conservation in the Oregon Country Salmon Fishery. M.A. Thesis, University of Oregon.
------. 1996. Making Salmon: Economy, Culture and Science in the Oregon Fisheries, Precontact to 1960. PhD Thesis, University of Washington.
Tomison, P. 1987. When Celilo Was Celilo: An Analysis of Salmon Use During the Past 11,000 Years in the Columbia Plateau. MA Thesis, Oregon State University.